Playtech Extends Contract with RAY

With the recent launch of  Playtech’s  Mobile Casino, RAY will have yet another platform to drive revenue and engage players in the Finnish market for years to come.

LONDON, April 26, 2013 /PRNewswire/ –

Playtech (LSE: PTEC), the international designer, developer, licensor and provider of software and services for the m88 asia online, mobile, TV and land-based gaming industry, announces a two-year extension of the Company’s contract with RAY, (Finnish Slot Machine Association).

Adam Kay, Head of Investor Relations


(Logo: )

Playtech Ltd

Mor Weizer, Chief Executive Officer

Ron Hoffman, Chief Financial Officer

c/o Pelham Bell Pottinger


New licensees include existing online operators upgrading or diversifying their offering, land-based casino groups, government sponsored entities such as lotteries, and new entrants making their online gaming debut, particularly in newly-regulated markets.

About Playtech

For the past three years, following a public tender, Playtech has been providing RAY with its leading Casino and Poker products according to Finnish regulation. Its leading gaming applications include casino, poker, bingo, sports betting, live, mobile and social gaming, casual and fixed odds games.

The Group’s capabilities enable the delivery of an integrated software or turnkey solution, with players accessing online, broadcast, mobile and server-based gaming terminals through a single account.

Pelham Bell Pottinger

David Rydell / Olly Scott / Guy Scarborough


Shay Segev, Playtech’s COO, commented, “We are very pleased that the partnership between the two companies has remained strong and that moving forward, we will continue to see the relationship grow. RAY is a strategic Playtech partner, demonstrating our strong position in Regulated Markets.”

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Playtech develops unified software platforms and content for the online and land-based gaming industry, together with providing a range of ancillary services such as marketing, hosting and CRM services..  RAY’s overall gaming revenues have increased significantly by integrating online gaming into its entertainment portfolio for Finnish consumers, without compromising business development across Finland’s land based gaming operations.

For further information contact:

SOURCE Playtech

Founded in 1999, Playtech is listed on the London Stock Exchange and has over 2,700 employees located in nine countries.  During this time, RAY has had great success in the market with almost EUR50m GGR (Gross Gaming Revenue) reported for 2012 alone

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Learn To Bet On Online Sportsbooks In Five Easy Ways!

Do not forget to take down important notes when placing bets. He really enjoys sports and enjoys life..

Your rating: None

THREE: Exercise proper money management. He manage the fan page of 12bet sportsbook and 12bet casino. For example, when you bet on soccer matches, go for those that involve your favourite clubs so that you can use your insights well when betting. Klause enjoys playing basketball, watching Soccer League, like EPL, Laliga, UEFA, FIFa, Olympics and other sports. In that way, you can further enjoy m88 asia sports betting without having to worry about your money.

ONE: Look for a reliable online sportsbook. It pays to land on one that gives you great returns on your bets and takes care of your money and convenience at the same time.

TWO: Choose your favourite sports matches. Control your budget if you are already incurring successive losses. Klause live independent and waiting for the time to live with her fiancée. The following are five easy ways that you should follow when betting on online sportsbooks:


FIVE: Study your bets. Make it a habit to refer to the online sportsbooks’ rules and FAQs if you are having difficulties understanding some things when betting. What he is icharged of is to give updates, on every hit matches, preview, tips and guide for the sportsbook player and onlince casino players. Klause is a graduate of Bachelor of Science in Computer Science wherein he is taking Master’s Degree in Information Technology. Sometimes he goes for car racing and motor crossing. Winning or losing is normal when betting in online sportsbooks. Learn to distribute your money across smaller bets when betting on several odds. If you have more questions that you want to ask, do not hesitate to contact your online sportsbook’s customer service. Choose one that has clear contents, particularly its rules and FAQs. If you are knowledgeable of the teams in matches that you want to bet on, you can feel confident even if they are playign against tough oponnent sides.

Author’s Bio: 

Betting on online sportsbooks is surely a great way to enjoy sports with the use of your Internet-enabled computer or device. Identify the possible reasons why you are winning and losing so that you can create consistent betting habits and techniques that you can proudly call “tried and tested”.

FOUR: Understand the rules well. Always make it a point to check the latest updates on matches which you have betted on. Online sportsbooks can provide you with the best sports bet line details on all your favourite sports at any time of the day. Keep in mind that different sports may have different sets of bets and rules, so you have to be aware on what to do in order for you to make the right choices. Your vast knowledge on your favourite teams or players can greatly help you in making the right choice for betting on matches. Check out your online sportsbook and see if it updates its betting details. Check if its customer service is reliable so that you can get an assurance of great service. Search for reviews on the Internet for you to know what other people think of various online sportsbooks. In that way, you can directly talk to a customer service representative who is always ready to answer all your queries.

Tomas Chan is a sportsbooks addict and online casino enthusiasts. You can use those notes as references when you make bets in the future. To maintain a great sports betting experience, you must research on practical ways to manage your money for bets

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Sports Betting – Couple Of Overlooked Betting Ideas

A sharp bettor will know the correct time for betting and a person can evidence him / her profitable the bet continuously. Couple of folks merely bet on the sport regardless of profitable or sacrificing the bet. Here are handful of sports activities m88 asia betting guidelines which might assist one generate income and generate living from well-liked pastime.

Click here to Go Sports betting professor Official Site

. You will find a lots of details around the website from which a person can study about.

Money administration will be the most important aspect inside the sports betting. If a person finds it fascinating a modest portion of your income can be put aside particularly for playing. You will find an additional group of people who solely bet to make a fortune.

Your rating: None

There are many ways by which a person can turn out to be a viewpoint bettor. 1 has to retail outlet for best phone numbers and there are much more discrepancies in amount of diverse sports at various sports activities guides.

You’ll find several factors why folks choose sports activities betting. The 2nd important matter may be the buying for figures. A bettor need to make in depth seek earlier than betting. Even though 1 thinks that you simply fall beneath the first two classes which can be referred to squares by the folks inside the sector. Even so the squares bet only inside afterwards portion of your day time and only go in towards the favorites.


An individual have to stay away from playing even though less than impact this may cause the human brain of your person to go blank and stop him/ her from dreaming past. A number of people today bet just for entertaining and to generate a particular sport far more thrilling whereas other would really like to bet on the favorite teams. This increases the probability from the profitable percentage and decreases the loosing percent. The very first factor that a single has to has to be aware of is not to exceed the reduce what may be misplaced.

Sports activities betting involve great deal of property function and persistence

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Sportsbooks Add Elections – To Sports Betting Lines Menus by Luken Karel

There are three (possibly four) more opportunities.

Snyder based his prediction on the fact that Dewey wore a mustache and his belief that women would find that the facial hair made Dewey look ?sneaky.?

Many sportsbooks have a m88bc betting line on whether the Democrats will gain control of the Senate (?No? still is favored over ?Yes?) while some enterprising wagering outlets have betting lines on many of the individual races. While it?s looking increasingly likely that Democrats will hold all their seats (New Jersey is a problem), as well as pick up seats in Montana, Pennsylvania, Ohio and Rhode Island, getting to six will be difficult. With an unpopular war in Iraq, low approval numbers for President Bush, and a series of scandals plaguing the Republican Party, most books have the Democrats favored to take over the House.

The Senate, where Democrats need six seats to regain a majority, is another matter. What it all means is while some citizens will cast their votes at the ballot box, others will express their opinions with cold hard cash.

At least that?s the way the story goes.

Posting betting lines and/or betting on the outcome of presidential elections are not new. McCain, because of his maverick nature, has appeal with moderates, swing voters and conservative Democrats. 7.

How many Senate seats will the Democrats gain in the 2006 election?

It was just hours after George W. Others still offer index wagering on how many Senate seats the Democrats will gain.

Recognizing that the 2008 election may be a bit too distant for most bettors, many sportsbooks have posted betting lines in this year?s midterm election, Nov. The practices gained attention in 1948 when legendary oddsmaker and gambler Jimmy ?The Greek? Snyder predicted that heavy underdog Harry S. Democrats need to pick up 15 seats to wrest control of the 435-seat body from Republicans for the first time since 1994. That would be a formidable foe in the general election but, ironically, that same independent streak?-he strayed from conservative orthodoxy on judges, taxes and gay rights–could hurt him in the GOP nomination process where Evangelical Christians and conservative activists, groups less than enamored with his stance on those issues, are a formidable voting block, particularly in the primaries.

A series of gaffes have made Senator George Allen (R) vulnerable to the challenge of former Secretary of the Navy Jim Webb (D) in Virginia while in Arizona, Jim Pederson (D) is attempting to come from behind to beat Senator John Kyl (R), the author of the recently passed ban on Internet wagering.. Truman, who had been elevated to the presidency when Franklin Delano Roosevelt died in 1945, would beat GOP standard-bearer and heavy favorite James Dewey, the Governor of New York.


3-4 2/1

exactly 5 8/5

6 or more 7/5

An index wager might look like this:

Clinton has the opposite problem. While the former First Lady is wildly popular in Democratic circles and, should she decide to run, would be difficult to beat for the party?s nomination, remains a polarizing figure and could have difficulty winning a general election where many already have a fixed, negative opinion of her.

The most prominent betting line asks bettors to wager whether the Democrats will regain control of the House of Representatives. Claire McCaskill (D) is running neck-and-neck with Senator Jim Talent (R) in Missouri, where stem cell research (she supports it, he doesn?t) is a big issue while Harold Ford (D) is trying to prove that an African American can win in Tennessee, where Bob Corker is trying to hold the seat for Republicans.

That said, most betting lines still favor a McCain-Clinton showdown in 2008, although juicy, double-digit prices abound for other hopefuls such as former New York Mayor Rudy Guiliani (R), Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney (R), former Vice President Al Gore (D), Indiana Senator Evan Bayh (D), Massachusetts Senator John Kerry (D), former North Carolina Senator John Edwards (D), Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee (R), retired General Wesley Clark (D) and Illinois Senator Barack Obama (D).

Truman did prevail at the ballot box, famously holding up a newspaper whose headline erroneously proclaimed Dewey the winner.

In addition to races for the Presidency, the Senate and the House, some sportsbooks also have betting lines on several Governor contests. Bush had been re-elected President of the United States in 2004 that sportsbooks began posting betting lines on who would win a four-year lease on the Oval Office in 2008.

John McCain, the Arizona Senator, and Hilary Clinton, the Senator from New York, remain the frontrunners for the Republican and Democratic parties, respectively

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Learn To Bet On Online Sportsbooks In Five Easy Ways!

Choose one that has clear contents, particularly its rules and FAQs. Identify the possible reasons why you are winning and losing so that you can create consistent betting habits and techniques that you can proudly call “tried and tested”.

ONE: Look for a reliable online sportsbook. Do not forget to take down important notes when placing bets. Control your budget if you are already incurring successive losses. To maintain a great sports betting experience, you must research on practical ways to manage your money for fun88 เข้าไม่ได้ bets. Sometimes he goes for car racing and motor crossing. For example, when you bet on soccer matches, go for those that involve your favourite clubs so that you can use your insights well when betting. Klause enjoys playing basketball, watching Soccer League, like EPL, Laliga, UEFA, FIFa, Olympics and other sports. The following are five easy ways that you should follow when betting on online sportsbooks:

Tomas Chan is a sportsbooks addict and online casino enthusiasts. Make it a habit to refer to the online sportsbooks’ rules and FAQs if you are having difficulties understanding some things when betting. It pays to land on one that gives you great returns on your bets and takes care of your money and convenience at the same time.. Winning or losing is normal when betting in online sportsbooks. Learn to distribute your money across smaller bets when betting on several odds. Check if its customer service is reliable so that you can get an assurance of great service. In that way, you can directly talk to a customer service representative who is always ready to answer all your queries.

Author’s Bio: 

FIVE: Study your bets. Keep in mind that different sports may have different sets of bets and rules, so you have to be aware on what to do in order for you to make the right choices. He really enjoys sports and enjoys life.

Your rating: None

THREE: Exercise proper money management. What he is icharged of is to give updates, on every hit matches, preview, tips and guide for the sportsbook player and onlince casino players. In that way, you can further enjoy sports betting without having to worry about your money.


TWO: Choose your favourite sports matches. Always make it a point to check the latest updates on matches which you have betted on. If you are knowledgeable of the teams in matches that you want to bet on, you can feel confident even if they are playign against tough oponnent sides.

FOUR: Understand the rules well.

Betting on online sportsbooks is surely a great way to enjoy sports with the use of your Internet-enabled computer or device. Klause live independent and waiting for the time to live with her fiancée. Search for reviews on the Internet for you to know what other people think of various online sportsbooks. He manage the fan page of 12bet sportsbook and 12bet casino. Online sportsbooks can provide you with the best sports bet line details on all your favourite sports at any time of the day. Check out your online sportsbook and see if it updates its betting details. Klause is a graduate of Bachelor of Science in Computer Science wherein he is taking Master’s Degree in Information Technology. Your vast knowledge on your favourite teams or players can greatly help you in making the right choice for betting on matches. If you have more questions that you want to ask, do not hesitate to contact your online sportsbook’s customer service. You can use those notes as references when you make bets in the future

Check This Out

How Much do Actors get Paid

The salary of lesser-known actors really depends on the rate demanded by the actors’ union, called the SAG (Screen Actors Guild). Another option which seasoned actors tend to choose, is to enter a profit-sharing agreement with the producers. They may ask for a signing-on fee even before the shooting for the film commences.

So, while the starting salary of an actor may not be all that great, and the chances of a full-time employment may be low, there is a huge opportunity to grow in this field. The salaries vary a lot, as the terms and conditions of signing are different. The actor may also choose to take the compensation in kind, rather than in cash. They are the ones, who decide what the base salary of an actor should be, based on which, the producers have to give the daily or weekly wages to the actors, who are performing in the movie, TV series or commercial.

Highest-Paid TV Actors


Sofia Vergara


Kim Kardashian


Eva Longoria


Bethenny Frankel


Khloe Kardashian


Tina Fey


Mariska Hargitay


Zooey Deschanel


Felicity Huffman


Ellen Pompeo


As far as commercials are concerned, it again depends on the brand value of the actor and the size of the brand that he or she endorses. If he is amongst the select few who are employed for the full year, then even at these rates, he will have quite a good life indeed.. While some websites give an average annual earnings for a new actor, those figures can be very inaccurate, as the actor may or may not be employed for the entire year.

An Actor’s ‘Salary’

Highest-Paid TV Actors


Ashton Kutcher


Hugh Laurie


Ray Romano


Alec Baldwin


Mark Harmon


Tim Allen


Jon Cryer


Patrick Dempsey


Jim Parsons


Johnny Galecki


Highest-Paid Actors


Angelina Jolie


Jennifer Lawrence


Kristen Stewart


Jennifer Aniston


Emma Stone


Charlize Theron


Sandra Bullock


Natalie Portman


Mila Kunis


Julia Roberts


The numbers mentioned above may seem real tempting indeed, but unless you are a Tom Cruise or a Kristen Stewart, you might wanna set your targets a LOT lower. This means that if an actor is endorsing a certain brand, he or she may choose to take a part of the compensation in the form of free samples of the product being endorsed.

How Much Do New Actors Get Paid?

The top stars can ask for pretty much any amount they feel is right.

The compensation of a big actor depends on several things. I guess, initially, it depends on the producer, but with hard work and dedication, you could soon be dictating the terms!

*Figures in Million USD

Highest-Paid Actors


Robert Downey Jr.


Channing Tatum


Hugh Jackman


Mark Wahlberg


Dwayne Johnson


Leonardo DiCaprio


Adam Sandler


Tom Cruise


Denzel Washington


Liam Neeson


Hence, if an actor chooses to be a registered member of the SAG, he stands to get a daily wage of $842 a day or $2,921 a week (2012 – 2013). Some may choose to take their compensation after the completion of the movie, and then have nothing to do with it. The SAG aims to protect the interests of the budding actors, and protects them from being exploited by the producers to work for extremely low wages. This means that the actor may choose to take a share of the profits that the movie producers make through various channels, like ticket sales, merchandise sales (in case of superhero films), DVD sales, and sale of rights to TV channels. They, along with their agent and other experts in this field, assess their own brand value, and the effort they are putting in, and ask the producers for that much money. In such a case, the actor may settle for a lower salary

Expert Betting Tips For Sports Betting Good Results


Kain Black

A very good qualified tipsters web site having a established track record of accomplishment and verified tipster profiles would go a long way in helping you develop extended lasting success. Naturally you may need to become completely sure with the service; a very good service or on line service with credible on the internet evaluations will serve as an excellent thrust to your plans. Read this article for tips on how to sharpen your … Tags: golf push cart, push cartWhere To Receive The Latest Match Report From Pune City Fc? By: Katy M. Thus it will not matter which soccer team wins or which player scores the purpose or which horse crosses the post 1st the bookmaker will in turn a superb profit from all those that placed incorrect bets and pay only individuals who got it ideal.

Persons looking to make use of sports betting tipster service should really do a thorough check up on the website’s service. Winners are a group of men and women who do their homework the challenging way. It’s not hard to learn, and with practice you can become good at it quickly. In the event you can obtain on the web testimonials for that website then that must inform you how well other users have located the services to become. In the same time if the bookmarker is offering a cost then that bookmarker already inside a excellent position to create a healthier profit on the supply price tag. Tags: hunting blinds for saleFootball – Reside Scores On Your Computer By: Kain Black – Nowgoal livescore sites provide match live scores, schedules, statistics, results and news to all the sports fans.

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(2) we have ou … A very good service is 1 that offers you a free of charge trail offer, that way you can test their services and when you are sure their solutions are what you’re seeking for then you definitely can go ahead and spend for it.

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It truly is also not probable that employing the most beneficial bet tipsters service you can win every single time. That is certainly since the bookmarker doesn’t leave the door open from exactly where he will be within a loss making scenario. They’ll see past outcomes, statistics, the kind book and a lot of other issues prior to drawing a conclusion. Tags: Speak BolaDeer Blinds Online: Make Hunting A Fun Activity! By: GLF – Buying the deer blinds online is a simple process. The authorities will usually possess the finest chance at winning.

In recent times it is not so tough getting reputable betting strategies. Sports betting and betting tipster sites are there in abundance so you genuinely must careful about applying them. Based on your analysis you could decide to join or appear for other sites, this could in the end be the distinction involving accomplishment and failure.

In the real globe scenario there are actually a huge selection of losers as against a handful of winners. The winners are that group of individuals who don’t place bets merely on guess operate or try their luck. Your selection must not be based on your liking for a particular sport or sportsperson. You might need to incur losses at instances but having a experienced service you will be in a position to maximize income and lessen the risk of creating a loss.. Losing a handful of dollars in registration or sign up charge will be as huge a letdown as losing a huge selection of dollars parked inside your account would when a service cheats you.

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You would never ever have heard a bookie losing cash, it can be normally the punter that wins or loses as well as the bookie stands to earn in each situations

Sports Betting

Two things do not exist in the real world…. You are now 7 units up. It is easy to just double up on a couple of bets to try and recoup your losses, but what if you lose those bets, too? You’re only human and you will want to chase those losses, but if you stick to your original budget and plan, it will pay off and it will all make sense at the end of the season. You need to limit yourself to what you can and will bet. Sure, every once in a while spurge and double your bet if it is on a strong play and not what you want to be a strong play. Go ahead and try it. Typically you need to spend only 5% of that stash. Be stingy! Allow yourself only enough to equal to what you can afford to lose over the entire season. Just remember to stay in control of your money.

Whether you are at your local track, playing online, or just betting a group of co-workers or friends on a game, there are several factors to keep in mind.

You must have discipline, as this is the foundation you must have in order to properly and successfully manage your money and place wise wagers. This is probably the hardest thing about being successful at wagering over a period of time. You can see what your bankroll would have been if you chased. Profits do speak volumes.

With so much sports betting being done online these days and sports betting online being so accessible to everyone, money management is a must! Unless you own a bank, and even if you do, you can’t afford to throw your whole bankroll on a game and if you lose, just grab another. Stick to your plan, but write down all the times you wanted to chase your losses through the season. You lose discipline you lose your money.

So, go ahead and visit your favorite online sports betting site. locks and ‘sure things’.. Whoops! Now you lose 3 in a row, but you are still up 4 units. Example: You have an excellent winning streak, 8 wins and 1 loss. Ah, but now it is easy to lose your focus and forget your previous wins

Phil Taylor’s 5 Best Tips For Playing Darts – Throw Darts Like The Power

Because the numbers are attached to the spider, this allows the board to be rotated so that the board’s life can be extended.

Bed and Breakfast.. What height is the centre of the board from the floor on a properly mounted dart-board?

This animation courtesy of SitePeople shows the perfect arm position and throw for darts :

The key science to the darts throw – Slow backward move.Accelerate towards the target.Let the arm fully follow through.

5 Quick Darts Facts You May Not Know :

How To Stand Playing Darts – Phil Taylor like most professional darts players stands with his leading foot turned sideways to the oche (Oche is the term used for the line you throw from).With your foot turned sideways lean slightly forward, do not lean too far forward and sacrifice balance for being a few inches closer to the dart board.Make sure your steady and comfortable and keep your body as still as possable.

Find The Right Darts – Finding the darts that suit you and your style is the first tip.This includes the weight of the dart and the lenght, design and grip.Most professional darts players use light darts usually 20 gramme and under, Dennis Precisely uses darts as light as 16 gramme but strangely Phil Taylor uses 26 gramme darts.Trial and error are needed to fint the perfect darts for you.

Other key elements in the dart throw include rhythm, posture, equipment and a cool darts nickname is vital in making yourself a better darts player.

Now you have the tips of the 15 times champion of the world but lets look at the Preferred throw from the people who bring science to sport.

Phil Taylor is the 15 times world darts champion and regarded as the greatest player ever to play darts.Phil like every professional darts player has his own unique way of throwing darts.Phil admits “There is no right way to throw darts and no wrong way to throw darts” but he continues “There are a few key elements every great dart player shares” these elements include stance, grip, aim, and release.

Whith these tips and a few hours practice you cab start your quest to The PDC World Championship !

How to aim your dart – Phil Taylor lines every part of his body to the target “Imagine there is a chalk line from your target running down the wall and across the floor, you should stand in a position were the line would run directly to the center of your body” he continues “Aim the dart like a gun from the center of your body”.

68 inches.. Supposedly based on the typical price of lodgings in an old English hostelry- 2 shillings and 6 pence. Most darts are around 5-6 inches long.

3.What special name is given to a score of 26, comprising of a 20,5 and 1?

2.What name, from the Old French for ‘cut a deep notch in’, is used for the throwing line?

A spider.. A Shanghai is a triple, double and single of the same number, Three in a Bed is all 3 darts in the same number, and Madhouse refers to that most frustrating of finishes.. 4.What is the maximum allowable length for a dart?

12 inches.. the double one.

5.What is the metal framework on the face of the board called?

Handle the pressure – Once you have your throw you now have to put it to the test.Pressure can cause you to throw faster and loose rhythm or shake and and loose grip both resulting in more holes in the wall than in the dart board.

Oche. Another school of thought says that ‘oche’ is a Cockney corruption of the word ‘hockey’.

Pick an awesome darts nickname – Picking a cool nickname is of course a huge part of being a better dart player – Phil ‘The Power’ Taylor – Adrian ‘Jackpot’ Lewis – are both good examples, Phil ‘Looser’ Taylor probably wouldnt have have had as much success.

1. 5’8′ (173 centimetres).. On most good boards, the spider is removable

Arbitrage Betting Techniques Helps to Earn Money

It can be a complicated formula, but if you are interested in arbitrage betting, we encourage you to read up on the subject. The big key to arbitrage betting is to find differing odds amongst different bookmakers. Well, yes, it is legal, although some bookmakers will not take your bet if they suspect arbitrage betting. Now, were not going to go into the math here, as it can be long and somewhat complicated, but trust us when we tell you that arbitrage betting situations can and do exist all the time. Any type of sporting event that has a gambling factor to it, there is always some kind of interesting and unusual bet that can be made.

One of the more daring wagers that a bettor can do is called arbitrage betting. And thats where your friendly independent bookmaker comes in.The ones that will tend to go against the grain and give odds on what they personally think, and not the established odds. It usually takes a hefty cash layout to participate, but, if you feel its a sure thing, well, why not? If you are sporting enthusiasts, and you would like to put a little wager on some event or think that you can predict successfully, then you can earn some bucks by using the arbitrage betting systems.

Learn about sports bettingand sports betting optionsat

Sports betting have always been part art, part science. This is also referred to as a sure win bet.. And, of course, bet enough money and a small profit becomes a big one. The basic premise is the odds between two bookmakers may differ. Win, lose, low point spread, high point spread, you name it. It is these types of free-thinking bookmakers that allow for heavy arbitrage betting taking place. But in the modern world of sports betting, we have even more tools at our disposal than ever, and not taking advantage of them means youre not doing everything you can do to win. Therefore, what is arbitrage betting, exactly? This type of betting means that when it comes to a sporting match, the gambler places a wager on several aspects of the match, with different bookmakers. While this sounds like an insane waste of money, the idea behind it is that, regardless of what is being bet, the bettor is still going to get a profit no matter who wins the game. Nowadays, there are an unlimited number of computer simulations and formulas designed to rank and rate teams in just about every sport you can think of and with a little thought, its easy to see how you can utilize them when making sports picks. However, its not something that is heavily guarded against, as in general terms, each bookmaker still feels they win in an overall sense after all, you are just playing their odds you win on the differing numbers between bookies. Successful sports betting takes a feel for the game youre betting on, a lot of knowledge about injuries and trends, and an understanding of the odds. Of course, with this type of wager, one needs to be seriously adventurous. And if that happens, depending on the difference and the bets offered, one could feasibly bet both sides of an event with competing bookmakers, and guarantee a small profit no matter who wins. Combine all of those, and you might just come out on top

What The Heck Is Business Casual? Business Casual Essentials & Style Ideas

Cotton pants such as khakis and chinos are absolute staples of this dress code and can come in a variety of colors, which range from beige to navy blue. Last but not least are the less known monk strap shoes. With that said, however, a white dress shirt with a subtle

pattern such as fine stripes can look amazing!. Although, as with any dress shirt that you purchase, the fit of the shirt is critical for a great look.

Top 3 Favorite Brands:

1) Allen Edmonds

2) Ralph Lauren

3) Johnston & Murphy

Ah, the wonderful and utterly confusing ‘grey area’ of the office dress code known as business casual. Simply put, this dress code typically involves wearing a dress shirt, khaki pants, belt and leather shoes. Also, ties are optional.

The Essentials

Dress Shirts: most styles of dress shirts are acceptable. Simply put, you can’t go wrong with a nice pair of penny loafers. Top 3 Favorite Brands:

1) Banana Republic

2) Bonobos

3) GAP

Top 3 Favorite Brands:

1) Charles Tyrwhitt

2) Brooks Brothers

3) Calvin Klein

Shoes: business casual shoes usually fall into three categories: lace-ups / oxfords, slip-ons / penny loafers, and monk straps. Lace-up shoes, although considered more formal, can look great with your business casual wardrobe as long as you keep it simple. For wool pants, or any pants for that matter, try to avoid purchasing ones that are pleaded – extra bulk gives the impression of extra weight and a shorter stature. For instance, plain toe oxford shoes are appropriate for any office setting and can be both dressed down and up depending on your style. If purchased from the right company, these stylish shoes can elevate your look while maintaining a professional demeanor.

Pants: when shopping for business casual style pants, there are only two materials to consider: cotton and wool. Regardless of brand, dress shirts categorized under ‘slim fit’ or ‘extra slim fit’ will be your best bet. Also, staple colors for wool pants are grey (light and dark), charcoal, and navy blue. Furthermore, although I like wearing white dress shirts, they are considered more formal and, as such, do not typically fit the business casual style. Penny loafer shoes are another great option, and are perhaps my favorite type, since they both look and feel casual. Your office, whether the environment is more casual or more conservative, will ultimately determine what the acceptable range of colors for your cotton khakis / chinos will be – if more conservative, recommendation is to stick to beige and navy blue. Moreover, this article will focus on the look as it pertains to men’s clothing.

What Is Business Casual?

Business casual refers to an office dress code that, as per the name itself, is more casual than formal. In hopes of making this world a better place, this article will attempt to finally shed some light on what business casual actually is, how you can easily achieve this desired look, and what it looks like in terms of examples / style ideas. In terms of wool pants, this is also an option that may be more appropriate for fall / winter months

1965 Men’s Tennis

This would be his 3rd consecutive Grand Slam event that he would return home as the victor. This match would tilt in favor of Santana as he won a Grand Slam for the second year in a row.

By: Kellen Sears

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Kellen Sears writes reviews on various sporting events including the online sportsbook websites. The two players were both able to push their way through the Australian Open in their quests to take home a Grand Slam. Fred Stolle looked equally impressive as the matches went on and these two players would once again find themselves playing against each other at Wimbeldon in the final match.

In these other three tournaments the two players would square off for great battles. Emerson was likewise resilient and was able to bounce back after not winning the Grand Slam title. While the level of the athletes in tennis has not always been quite so high, there have always been great players out there that paved the way for the game to become what it has become today. The only tournament that these players did not advance to the finals to square off was the French Open. Stolle managed to make his way to the final match of that tournament. In this piece of write up he highlights the one of the popular sports pro tennis and tennis betting odds. Unfortunately for Fred Stolle, the tournament results were definitely in favor of Emerson. Emerson managed to take home the victory in all three of these finals matchups.

In 1965 things started off with the same trend that was seen in the previous year. Instead Michael Santana, the winner of the 1964 French Open, would make the finals to face Cliff Drysdale. This was the only tournament the previous year that he and Emerson were not involved in for the final match. These two players competed in three of the 3 final matches of these major tournaments. This would end Emersons streak of titles at 3..

Many thought Stolle would finally get over the hump in this match, but he was not able to take out Emerson. Open. The year 1965 featured some great tennis and great results in the Grand Slam events.

To understand the competition that took place in 1965 it is important to remember the results from the Grand Slam tournaments that took place the year before. Emerson beat Stolle in Grand Slam finals matches 5 times in a span of 2 years.

The final Grand Slam would be the U.S. He looked great in his matches in the 1965 Wimbeldon and managed to make his way to the final round of that tournament.

The resilience of Stolle was seen when through his performance at the French Open. Stolle would play Tony Roche and finally was able to take home a Grand Slam title. Fortunately these losses were not detrimental to Stolle, as he would manage to bounce back again and again. These tournaments were dominated by the likes of Roy Emerson and Fred Stolle. These two players managed to make their way to the very end of the tournament, where they would once again meet for the title.

The tides had not turned from the previous year and Emerson would take home another Grand Slam title. The author also takes the readers opinion on how to do tennis betting online.

Mens Tennis has evolved into a sport that is super competitive and features athletes that rival the strongest and more physically fit individuals in the world. Neither Emerson nor Stolle would find their way to the finals of this match

The Dance of Intimacy

Ask yourself: How do I create space in my relationships? How do I protect my autonomy? Do you criticize, blame, emotionally withdraw or use substances (e.g., food, drugs, alcohol) to create space, be left alone, or lessen intense feelings. Each person must take responsibility for him or herself, rather than relying on their partner to take care of his or her needs for closeness or distance. Rather than responding to her child, she projects, and sees her child only as an extension of herself, as an object to meet her own needs and feelings. Babies and toddlers are dependent on the mother’s empathy and regard for their needs and emotions in order to sense their “selves,” to feel whole. With the help of a therapist, these feelings can be separated from the present circumstance, in which as adults our survival is no longer at stake. As adults these behaviors create problems and result in miscommunication. Both need to embrace the dependent and independent, feminine and masculine, parts of themselves.

ORIGINS: Research suggests that intimacy problems originate in the relationship between the mother (or main caregiver) and infant. It takes tremendous courage not to run when we feel too close, and not to pursue when we feel abandoned, but instead, learn to acknowledge and tolerate the emotions that arise. The unspoken agreement is that the Pursuer chase the Distancer forever, but never catch-up, and that the Distancer keep running, but never really get away. For instance, if you repress your anger to ensure closeness, you stand a good chance of alienating your partner, unaware that you may be expressing your anger indirectly. Later, intimacy may threaten the adult’s sense of autonomy or identity, or he or she may feel invaded, engulfed, controlled, shamed and/or rejected. It’s only when Hurt gets brain cancer that he tells his wife that he needs her. . She can’t value her child as a separate “self.” The child’s boundaries are violated, and its autonomy, feelings, thoughts, and/or body, are disrespected. When each is able to say, “Yes” and say “No,” without the fear of being overwhelmed by intimacy or abandoned by separation, they won’t trigger each other’s defensive reaction. Later, as an adult, being separations in intimate relationships are experienced as painful reminders of the earlier loss. When this happens you cannot communicate effectively, nor take into consideration your needs and the needs of your partner. The child learns to please, perform and/or rebel, but in either case gradually tunes out its own thoughts, needs and/or feelings. To an enfant or toddler, emotional or physical abandonment, whether through neglect, illness, divorce or death, threatens its existence, because of its dependency on the mother for validation and development of wholeness. If you ignore your partner in order to create distance, you inadvertently devalue him or her, creating another problem. Often people attract their opposite into their lives to make them whole. A person may feel both abandoned if his or her feelings and needs are not responded to, and at the same time, engulfed by the needs of his or her partner. The greater sense of self a person has, the more flexible and comfortable s/he is with greater distance and greater closeness. Partners may reverse roles, but always maintain a certain space between them. The Pursuer can emulate the Distancer’s ability to set limits, to take care of his/her own needs, to prioritize, to be less personally involved. Instead, the child discovers that love and approval comes with meeting the mother’s needs, and tunes into the mother’s responses and expectations. Thus, we have the dilemma of intimacy: How can we be close enough to feel secure and safe, without feeling threatened by too much closeness? The less room there is to navigate this distance, the more difficult the relationship. Just as the transition from dependence to independence can be frightening, so is the transition from independence to interdependence. She is in private practice in Santa Monica, CA (See”

DISOWNED SELVES: Relationships can serve as mirrors for unacknowledged or “disowned” parts of ourselves.

Copyright, Darlene Lancer, 1992

Author’s Bio:

“Darlene Lancer is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and life coach with a broad range of experience, working with individuals and couples for more than twenty years. When each they conscious of their individual needs, they can acknowledge their partner’s needs with respect. When these behaviors are operating without awareness, you are not coming from a place of choice. They’re negotiating the emotional space between them. We all have needs for both autonomy and intimacy – independence and dependency, yet all simultaneously fear both being abandoned (acted by the Pursuer), and being too close (acted by the Distancer). In co-dependent relationships where there aren’t two separate, whole people coming together, true intimacy isn’t possible, because the fears of nonexistence and dissolution are strong.

Partners can learn from each other and embrace their disowned needs. The Pursuer must risk saying “No,” and tolerate the anxiety of separation, saying, “I can’t help you – I need to be alone.” The Distancer must risk saying, “I miss you, I need you.” In the movie, “The Doctor,” William Hurt plays a busy, successful doctor, whose wife feels neglected and abandoned. As the feelings are worked through, a less reactive, stronger sense of self develops, one that is not easily threatened or overwhelmed.

Relationship can be an exciting path to the unknown. Similarly, the Distancer is afraid of abandonment, but cannot experience the wish for emotional closeness as his or her own. Her focus is on relationships and helping clients overcome obstacles to leading fuller lives. The Pursuer is unconscious that s/he is also afraid of closeness, but relies on the Distancer to achieve enough space for the Pursuer’s needs for autonomy and independence. It requires awareness of our coping behaviors and resisting the impulse to withdraw or pursue. But it requires courage to open yourself up and to experience pain.


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The relationship duet is the dance of intimacy all couples do. They can empathetically hear each other, and wait to have their need satisfied: “I understand and hear your need and its importance to you, but this is also important to me — can we find a way to compromise?” As couples do this, they will have more authentic intimacy, instead of being locked into an unconscious duet of approach-avoidance.

Change and growth come in discovering your coping strategies, and learning new responses and behaviors. This may trigger very young feelings of shame, terror, grief, emptiness, despair, and rage. One partner moves in, the other backs-up. The rewards are worth it, because it is a path of self-discovery and ultimately the divine as we open ourselves to one another. Or do you avoid closeness and openness by joking around, showing off, giving advice or by talking about others or impersonal subjects? Do you get overly involved with people outside your partnership (e.g., children, friends, affairs), or activities (e.g., work, sports, gambling, shopping)? These activities dilute the intimacy in the relationship.

CHANGE: The key to breaking this polarization is by becoming conscious of our needs and feelings, and risking what we fear most. There is less anxiety, and hence less demand on the relationship to accommodate a narrow comfort zone.

If the mother is ill, depressed, or lacks wholeness and self-esteem, there are no boundaries between her and her child.

Each must learn to ask for togetherness and space directly, without feeling guilty, or controlling or blaming each other. In reality, the Distancer judges the part of him or herself that is needy, dependent and vulnerable, and the Pursuer judges the part of him or herself that is selfish and independent, but each sees the part they don’t accept in themselves projected onto the other. S/he would feel too vulnerable, so s/he needs a Pursuer to satisfy her or his intimacy needs. Instead, the relationship is based on unconscious manipulation of one another, and can trigger your partner’s defensive reactions.

The Pursuer says about the Distancer: “He (or She)is selfish, inconsiderate, inflexible, emotionally withdrawn, has to have things his way.” And wonders “Is there something wrong with me? Aren’t I lovable (pretty, thin, successful, smart) enough?”

On the other hand, ask: How do I create closeness? How do I ensure that I will be loved and not abandoned? Do you try to create closeness by giving up your autonomy, hobbies, friends or interests, by never disagreeing, by being seductive, or by care-taking and pleasing others?

The Distancer says of the Pursuer: “She (or He) is too demanding, too dependent, too emotional, or too needy.” And wonders “Can I love? Am I selfish? What I give seems never enough.”

COPING STRATEGIES: We learned defenses as children in order to feel safe. Yet, it is an essential process in order to heal our wounds, become free of our past conditioning, and to allow us to truly live in the present.

They each blame one another and themselves. The Distancer feels guilty for not meeting the other’s needs, and the Pursuer feels angry for not getting his or her own needs met. The Distancer can learn from the Pursuer’s flexibility, ability to reach out and ask, to feel others and to blend boundaries. Consequently, the child does not develop a healthy sense of self

Top 5 Best Card Games

In some variations of the card game the Asshole is given the ability to “freeze” allowing him to win a hand by playing the same card. The object of this card game is to be the first player to complete his/her stockpile of cards.

3. In this card game each player is dealt three cards and the next card is placed face up and represents the Briscola, or trump suit. Skip-BoA card game for 2-4 players

This card game has a deck which consists of 162 cards. PokerThe most popular card game!

This list simply wouldn’t be complete without poker. An Italian card deck consists of 40 cards. UnoA card game for 2+ players

Uno is a great card game that was originally developedall the way back in 1971. The Asshole exchanges his two best cards to the president in return for whichever two cards the president gives him, usually his worst. AssholeA great card game to play in large groups, 3+ players

This is a great card game where players race to be the first person to play all of their cards in order to be the President for the following round. Card numbers range from 1 through 12 and there are “SKIP-BO” wild cardswhich may be played as any number. Converselythe last player with cards remaining becomes the Asshole. The object of this card game is to be the first player to finish all of his/her cards. There are special action cards that spice up the game and give it an interesting twist. The most popular version of this card game is easily Texas Hold ‘em. The trump suit adds a lot of strategy and diversity to this card game making it very exciting.

2. Incorporating some of the key elements from crazy eights, it is played with a specially printed deck that features colored cards instead of traditional suits. Definitely my favourite card game out there!

Stay tuned for another list next week!

. This card game can be great at parties, just mix in more decks the more players there are.

1. Briscola An Italian card game best enjoyed with 4 players

This is a card game played with Italian cards. Probably the most cerebral card game out there, Poker mixes in betting, bluffing, probability, and memory. 5. There are a total of 120 points so a player or team must have 61 or more points to win the card game. The object of this card game is to win more points than your opponent by the end of the game. Don’t forget to say “Uno”!


How Jack Johnson Destroyed the Color Barrier

Jack learned to read and write, and worked odd jobs to support his family.

The sheriff allowed Johnson and Choynski to spar every afternoon. Everyone Johnson knew was dirt poor. Choynski beat Johnson up and knocked him out in the third round. After losing seven of his last nine fights Jack officially hung up the gloves at age sixty.

But poverty is a great leveler of races. It was reported that Burns finally agreed to fight Johnson when he was guaranteed a payday of $30,000 a kingly sum at the time.

Jack toughened up more working at the docks in Galveston. On February 25 1901 Choynski and Johnson had a fight.

I won from Mr. Choynski was generous with his experience, sharing with Johnson the nuances of ring strategy, how to fight tactically, and how to turn defense into offense.

It wasnt close. In 1912 Johnson was accused of violating the White Slave Traffic Act of 1910. Then film of the fight was shown. Boxing was illegal in Texas, and in much of the country, although enforcement varied greatly from state to state.

After the fight Johnson was outspoken:

Only eight years after his death Jack Johnson became a charter member of the Boxing Hall of Fame. Jack Johnson was fearless. The two fought once, and Johnson was given the decision. Johnson made intelligent use of the press to generate publicity for his fights. It was very hot, and midway through the 45 round match Johnson began laboring. Trainer Jack Blackburn warned Louis: If you really aint gonna be another Jack Johnson, you got some hope. Sullivan, Gentleman Jim Corbett, Robert Fitzsimmons, and the reigning champ, Jim Jeffries. He lived his life so large, in and out of the ring, that he was called the most notorious African-American on Earth.

Betting odds were unanimously in Jeffries favor. Knopf, 2004. Johnson later said he did not experience racism growing up, which some might find unusual for a black child growing up in the South in the nineteenth century.

International Boxing Hall of Fame, Joe Choynski. Soon a crowd gathered. Johnson sped off angrily down Highway 1 until a violent collision with another vehicle ended his life at age sixty-eight. The restaurant refused to serve him because of the color of his skin. His was a very public life, ushering in the idea of an athlete as a celebrity as well as a champion. His competitive spirit was still alive, and he did not want another black fighter eclipsing his career. But many blacks were critical of Jack for rubbing his victory into white faces because this incited violence against Johnsons own people.

The trial was manifestly unfair. His official record was 79-8 with 46 knockouts. He had made history.

President George W. All were champions in the colored heavyweight division. Houses and businesses were looted and burned.

Johnson went through a seeming revolving door of women. He was energetic and worked a variety of other jobs. Burns won an Emmy Award for his direction.

Ward, Geoffrey C. The two sailed to France. District Attorney prosecute Johnson. But after the Jeffries fight, Johnsons reign as champion was marred by legal problems, a flight from the country, a life of exile, and countless controversy.

Johnson took Louis career as a supreme insult. Public (white) outcry turned to Jim Jeffries, living a quiet retirement on his alfalfa farm. I should step into the ring again and demonstrate that a white man is king of them all.

Burns earned his money. The press advanced all sorts of theories why whites were better than blacks. 8, p. All tried to fight Johnson, and all were avoided by the champ. He met up with his wife, another (former) prostitute known as Lucille Cameron, in Montreal. Johnson held the title for five years. Shreiber, who was bitter over being dumped by Johnson, was all too happy to help the U.S. He never fought for the championship again but had a long career, fighting professionally until 1938. He won his first fight at the age of twelve, fighting back against another child who was bullying him. The Mann Act (named for Illinois Congressman James Mann) prohibited interstate transportation of a woman or girl for the purpose of prostitution or debauchery, or for any other immoral purpose. He was buried in an unmarked grave next to the graves of two of his wives: Etta Duryea Johnson and Irene Pineau.

* * *

Jack was a frail boy who was protected by his two older daughters. Ward (2004). Bush refused to issue a pardon. He took a brutal beating from Johnson, who punished the champion for fourteen rounds. He was quoted in the press as accusing Jeffries of ducking him. Give me Joe Choynski anytime. He was romantically linked to everyone from Mata Hari to Mae West. The term any other immoral purpose allowed prosecution of just about anyone (from Charlie Chaplin to Charles Manson) for just about anything.

Orbach, Barak, The Johnson-Jeffries Fight and Censorship of Black Supremacy, July 22 2010, NYU Journal of Law & Liberty, Vol. Willard was a working cowboy who came to boxing late. . Jeffries declared: I feel obligated to the sporting public at least to make an effort to reclaim the heavyweight championship for the white race. Property was destroyed. That was how he started boxing. Before I entered the ring I was certain I would be the victor. Dozens of blacks were killed, and some whites.

Johnsons life draws mixed reactions from his own people. I never changed my mind at any time. . He won a few fights and got mouthy about his talent. There were race riots across the country. The outcome was never in doubt. Braddock declined, and was knocked out by Louis in 1937.

The intent of the law was to protect young women coming from rural areas to work in large cities from being exploited, kidnapped, and trafficked in prostitution. Jeffries blows had no steam behind them, so how could he hope to defeat me?

Johnsons last defense of his title was in 1915 at a racetrack in Havana, Cuba. He bet against Louis and criticized him publicly. As an adult he discovered how many people disagreed.

Johnson was the first son (and third child of nine) born to Henry and Tina Tiny Johnson, two former slaves who both worked blue collar jobs as a janitor and a dishwasher to support their children and put them through school. As if on cue the Texas Rangers appeared, arrested the two fighters and threw them in jail. The hype for the fight was enormous. This annoyed the boxing establishment in Galveston, who invited veteran boxer Joe Choynski to Galveston to shut Johnson up. His name was Joe Louis, and he studiously avoided any possible resemblance to Jack Johnson. Johnsons words added fuel to the fire. Johnson frequented brothels and cavorted with prostitutes of both races, but reserved his marriage vows to white women he said he had been married to black women and they had mistreated him.

The Great White Hope came out of retirement to fight champion Jack Johnson in what was called The Fight of the Century. Famed as a defensive tactician, Johnson could punch hard with both hands. Jacks early experience led him to believe there was no difference between black people and white people except skin color. Other activities included acting on stage, driving gaudy colored sports cars, dabbling in jazz bands, and running nightclubs. The next year Johnson won what was called the World Colored Heavyweight Championship. The champion had a string of very public affairs with white actresses and personalities.

Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson, adocumentaryby filmmakerKen Burnsbased on the nonfiction book of the same name by Geoffrey C. Washington said:

es Black history month -= Wednesday, January 24, 2001, Jack Johnson (title)

Johnson had also committed two sins: publicly beating a white man, and bragging about it. Jack ducked perhaps the three best boxers (black or white) of his time: Sam Langford, Joe Jeanette, and Harry Wills. Joe Jeanette accused Jack Johnson of drawing the color line against his own people.

“It is unfortunate that a man with money should use it in a way to injure his own people, in the eyes of those who are seeking to uplift his race and improve its conditions, I wish to say emphatically that Jack Johnsons actions did not meet my personal approval and I am sure they do not meet with the approval of the colored race.”

Whites were by turn devastated and infuriated by the result of the fight. He always remembered Choynskis remark: “A man who can move like you should never have to take a punch.” Later Johnson attributed much of his success to what he learned from Joe Choynski.

Jack Johnson was a hero to American blacks. Johnson was prosecuted for a law that was not in effect at the time of his actions. Ali had lost his champtionship and his boxing license and was battling the federal government over his refusal to fight in Vietnam on religious grounds. You take out the issue of white women and replace it with the issue of religion. He was a gamer who gave even champions all they could handle in the ring.

The Great White Hope, Howard Sackler’s 1967 theater dramatization of Jack Johnson’s life.

After three weeks bail was reduced to an affordable level. Yet he chose to fight defensively and counter punch, letting Johnson do all the leading. His opponent was an American named jess Willard. Johnson had trouble finding fights in France due to his status as a convicted criminal. After he did his time he returned to boxing. Jeffries because I outclassed him in every department of the fighting game. Jack Johnson was the first African American heavyweight boxing champion of the world. Most of his losses came at the end of his career. Jack turned the focus of his public campaign against the new champion, Canadian Tommy Burns. Johnson, on the other hand, was accused of ducking talented black heavyweight Sam Langford. At 6 feet 6 inches and 235 pounds, Willard was much larger than Johnson. Jeffries was finally persuaded to return to the ring and set things right.

Johnson was boisterous in his demands to fight the white heavyweight champion, Jim Jeffries. He was a busy champion, defending his title seventeen times against most of the black heavyweights of his time.

In 2014 Senator John McCain continued a ten year campaign to secure a posthumous presidential pardon of Jack Johnson for his Mann Act conviction, on the grounds that the conviction was racially motivated and diminished the athletic, cultural, and historical significance of Jack Johnson, and unduly tarnished his reputation.. But in the end the fight was a dud. When Louis got a title shot against the reigning champ, Irishman Jim Braddock, Johnson offered to train Braddock. Although only a light heavy weight (170 pounds), Choynskis courage and ferocious punching power more than made up for height and weight disadvantages. Both men were freed on the condition they left town. His successor, President Obama, has also refused to issue a pardon, and his administration states it is unlikely that Obama will change his mind.


Jack was born in Galveston, Texas, and grew up playing with black and white children. I faced both and should know. The documentary was initially broadcast on PBS on January 17 and 18, 2005. . It was clear that Johnson fought hard but lost to a younger, stronger man.

Blacks (or coloreds, as they were known at the time) were also critical of Johnsons preference for white women. Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson.New York: A.A. See

In the 1960s Muhammed Ali saw a play about Jack Johnsons life. Then he moved to California and started fighting in earnest.

The larger controversy was a legal one. The venerable Nat Fleischer, publisher of Ring Magazine and guru on all things boxing, named Jack Johnson the greatest heavyweight boxing champion of all time.

Choynski saw Johnsons physical prowess and innate ability, and helped Jack realize how important defense was to a fighter. He refused to ever fight Langford again, despite numerous demands to do so.

Much later in his career, Jack Johnson would compare Choynskis power to the legendary power of Jim Jeffries:

In 1921 Jack Johnson turned himself into American authorities and was imprisoned for his Mann Act conviction. His best punches were his left jab and uppercuts. He was the hardest puncher in the last fifty yearsI think his left hook was even more effective than (Jack) Dempseys.

Sometimes he was intentionally outrageous, like the time he walked a pet leopard while sipping champagne. While an appeal of Johnsons conviction was pending, Jack disappeared. 270, 2010; Arizona Legal Studies Discussoin Paper NBo 10-009. An all white jury quickly found Johnson guilty. This claim was contradicted by the news that Johnson bet $2500 on himself to win the fight. Jack became more confident, and a defiant cockiness emerged – a trait that would follow him during his boxing career and public life.

The Mann Act was used to prosecute Jack Johnson for his relationship with a white prostitute named Belle Schreiber. Then the war broke out, and the Johnsons sailed away from Europe.

Johnsons first professional loss was a turning point in his career, because he got to share a jail cell with Joe Choynski for twenty-three days. Johnson toyed with Burns, taunting him, hitting him with a barrage of punches, then catching Burns before he hit the floor, holding him up so he could punish him some more. On June 4, 1913, Johnson was sentenced to a year and a day in federal prison.

This is high praise from a man many boxing experts consider the greatest heavyweight boxing champion of all time.

In the last years of Johnson’s career another African American heavyweight boxer rose to prominence. Johnson hopped the rails to Denver, where he joined a training camp. African American scholar Booker T. Jeffries was totally outclassed by Johnson, who knocked out the former champion in the fifteenth round.

Johnson was now a fully developed man: six foot one inch tall, 200 pounds, with well developed muscles, very dark skin, a shiny bald head, and a mouthful of gold teeth. Thats my story.

By 1902 Johnson was an up-and-coming heavyweight on the California circuit with 27 wins (he actually fought well over fifty fights, but many were off the books). With no pretensions to maintain, blacks and whites co-existed, and learned to help each other make it through the grind of day to day survival. Jeffries had a powerful wallop, but Choynski had a paralyzing punch. On June 10 1946, Johnson was driving his sports car in North Carolina. White man hasnt forgotten that fool nigger with his white women, acting like he owned the world. His left hand was a corker. He made no concessions to the racial ideas of his time: be it from his own people or from whites.

Jeffries number one? No sir. Thus a very wide net was cast to allow prosecution of (mostly) men for most manners of sexual relations even consensual sex.

March 31 1878 is the birth date of John Arthur Jack Johnson, who became the first African American heavyweight boxing champion of the world. A master counter puncher, Johnson would lure his opponent into letting his hands go, block the blows, and then rain down merciless counterpunches.

Later Jack claimed he threw the fight in a deal to avoid the Mann Act conviction. He stopped at a diner in a small town near Raleigh to have lunch. Ali said: Thats my story. Willards body shots and the heat overcame the champion and he was knocked out in the 26th round.

The first controversy was Johnsons refusal to give other African American boxers a shot at his title. Print.PG18.

Jeffries retired without fighting Johnson. Choynski had fought all the champions of the day: John L